A documentary film can certainly be created without any voiceover. This is an increasingly popular method for filmmakers who want to tell their stories in an engaging and effective way.
The most common way to achieve this is through the use of interviews and other footage that speaks for itself. By carefully selecting shots and editing them together to create a narrative, filmmakers can effectively tell their stories without the need for a narrator. This allows the audience to draw their own conclusions and adds an element of suspense to the film.
Another option is to use a combination of both voiceover and visuals. This can be particularly effective when creating a piece that involves a great deal of historical context or background information. By using a narrator to provide this information, the audience can better understand the story being told and become more invested in the characters and their journey.
Finally, some documentaries opt to use no narration at all. This can be an incredibly powerful method of storytelling, allowing the audience to draw their own conclusions and make their own interpretations of the story. As with any documentary, it is essential for filmmakers to carefully select their footage and craft a narrative that will be effective without the aid of a narrator.
Overall, it is certainly possible to create a successful documentary without using any voiceover. Whether filmmakers opt to use a narrator, interviews, or no narration at all, careful editing and the selection of meaningful footage are essential for creating a compelling story.